主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 2095-6606 CN 10-1157/R

现代中医临床 ›› 2021, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 22-24.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-6606.2021.03.005

• 叙事医学 • 上一篇    下一篇

医生·护士·疾病·美学

王永炎1, 王蕾2, 王子旭1, 王昊1#   

  1. 1 中国中医科学院中医临床基础医学研究所 北京 100700;
    2 天津第一中心医院
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-12 出版日期:2021-05-30 发布日期:2021-06-08
  • 通讯作者: #王昊,男,硕士,助理研究员,E-mail: wanghao. gomes@ 163. com
  • 作者简介:王永炎,男,教授、主任医师,中国工程院院士,中央文史研究馆馆员

Doctor, nurse, illness and aesthetics

Wang Yongyan1, Wang Lei2, Wang Zixu1, Wang Hao1#   

  1. 1 Institute of Basic Clinical Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700;
    2 Tianjin First Central Hospital
  • Received:2020-10-12 Online:2021-05-30 Published:2021-06-08

摘要: 医生、护士与患者及家属是因为疾病而产生特定意义的群体,诊疗技术的进步以及利益的驱使,影响到了医患间的关系。进入21世纪,叙事医学的引入与推广在重塑医学人文精神方面起到重要作用。医乃仁术,仁爱精神为医学人文重要内涵,通过叙事医学的学习将落实仁德和合的理念。临床的护理工作体现仁德仁心,强调恻隐之心、感同身受,既具有科学性又具有艺术性,护士护师将是践行叙事医学的生力军。叙事医学既关注个体的独立性,也构筑群体的医患道德共同体,强调医护患者及家属和合蓄力,共同维护生命健康之美。叙事医学促进医学人文精神的复兴,强调仁者能爱众人,重人伦教化,跳出物役的陷阱,协助医学达到诊疗效果的最大化而服务民生。

关键词: 医患关系, 叙事医学, 新儒家, 美学

Abstract: Doctors, nurses and patients and their families have a specific significant relationship due to diseases. The advances of diagnostics and treatment technology and the drive of interests have affected the relationship between doctors and patients. Since the beginning of this century, the introduction and development of narrative medicine have played an important role in remolding the humanistic spirit in medicine. Medicine is benevolence, which is the important connotation of medical humanities. The study of narrative medicine helps to implement the concept of benevolence and harmony. Clinical nursing work embodies benevolence, compassion and empathy, which are both scientific and artistic. Nurses will be a new force in the practice of narrative medicine. Narrative medicine not only focuses on the independence of individuals, but also builds a doctor-patient moral community of groups, emphasizing the harmony of medical patients and their families to jointly safeguard the beauty of life and health. Narrative medicine promotes the revival of medical humanistic spirit, emphasizes that benevolent people can love everyone, values human ethics, jumps out of the trap of material labor, and helps medical science to maximize the effect of medical behaviors and serve people’s well-being.

Key words: doctor-patient relationship, narrative medicine, new Confucianism, aesthetics

中图分类号: 

  • R2-03