A cross-sectional study on the Tao and Shu-integrated inheriting elements of traditional Chinese medicine*
2020, 27 (4):
Objective To explore the status of inheriting elements of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) by integrated Tao and Shu, as well as the key points of TCM inheritance, in order to provide basis for innovation and efficiency of TCM education. Methods A questionnaire survey was designed by using the cross-sectional research method to investigate disciples and college students. It mainly involved baseline information, inheriting elements, efficacy elements, and quality elements, etc. Results A total of 35 disciples and 100 college students completed the questionnaire. According to the disciples' rating about importance of 28 inheritance elements, the factors with a full score of 5 that more than 70.0% people selected were core prescriptions, diagnostic process, medication characteristics, information collection, a command of classics, diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, and earnestness and prudence. According to the disciples' feedback about importance degree of 28 inheritance elements, the factors with a full score of 5 that more than 70.0% people selected were core prescriptions, diagnostic process, medication characteristics, diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, earnestness and prudence, and information collection. According to the college students' feedback about importance degree of 29 inheritance elements, doctor-patient communication and earnestness and prudence were the factors with a median score of 9; equal treatment, kindness and how to treat gain or loss and distinguish right from wrong were the factors with a median score of 8.5. The efficacy elements that inheriting disciples consented were: doctor-patient communication, diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, doctor-patient trust, patient compliance, medical advice, humanistic care, psychological intervention, diagnostic and therapeutic environment. The quality elements that inheriting disciples consented were: a solid foundation of traditional Chinese medicine, a serious learning attitude, a diligent spirit, rich experience of learning under teachers, savvy, like-minded ambition, a sense of responsibility and mission, loyal character, multiple inheritance methods and dedication. Conclusions The inheriting elements include Tao and Shu aspects. Nowadays, the emphasis on inheritance was different between disciples and college students. Disciples and college students should pay attention to both Tao and Shu in the process of inheriting, and efficacy elements were key issues involved. The inheriting elements of master-apprentice education should be fully integrated into modern Chinese medicine institutionalized education and all above inheritance elements should be seriously considered to build an innovative inheritance model and better train TCM talents.
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